Sunday, August 23, 2020

APUSH Research Paper Essay Example

APUSH Research Paper The late 1800s and mid 1900s, during the time of post Emancipation, the United States was a time of personality investigation, edification, and strengthening, just as interdivision, separation, and adjustment for the African American people groups. Social revolutionists like Marcus Garvey and job displayed business people like Madam CJ Walker were among the numerous blacks that affected the national dark network during their season of battle and quest for cultural and conservative bearing. Walker and Garvey both strived for the progression of their kin, however had distinctive long haul consequences for blacks and plans for what's to come. Walkers utilization of Eurocentric beliefs to enhance Black highlights socially and monetarily conveyed her higher than any lady, not to mention dark lady, in the business world. Her utilization of ads made a standard of dark magnificence in America that would pick up acknowledgment. Garveys endeavors to make a development lauding Afrocentric culture and way of life brought about analysis from his own kin and government consideration. These chronicled fgures in the African American people group were a piece of an enduring clash of character inside the dark race and the continuation of building up a dark American culture totally not the same as African culture, making a divergence between being African and African American. Madam CJ Walker, conceived Sarah Breedlove, was the first of her family naturally introduced to opportunity in 1867 in Delta, Louisiana. With the timeframes absence of indoor pipes, focal warming, and power, most Americans washed rarely, causing individuals like Walker to encounter male pattern baldness and scalp infection. We will compose a custom exposition test on APUSH Research Paper explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom article test on APUSH Research Paper explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom article test on APUSH Research Paper explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Walker tried different things with home solutions for discover a fix. Before long, she built up her own line of hair care and moved all through the ountry to major mechanical urban areas like Pittsburgh and Indianapolis to spread its utilization. In Pittsburgh, Walker set up Lelia College in 1908 to taught hair culturists and grow her realm. It was in Indianapolis that she opened her central command and manufacturing plant. With her prosperity, Walker had confidence in engaging the dark network by giving a spot where they can create aptitudes to become effective business people. Her foundations instructed and prepared dark ladies to assemble and oversee themselves in the business world. She likewise gave addresses on social, monetary, and policy driven issues supported by dark foundations. As time went on and blacks scattered all through American culture, racial brutality and segregation in the South turned into the accepted practice. Jim Crow Laws sanctioned in 1876 during the extension of Reconstruction lawfully isolated blacks from whites and made the contempt of the dark race. After the East St. Louis Race Riot, Madam CJ Walker joined with the pioneers of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in their endeavors to bring lynching as a felony. Through her endeavors to help dark progression, Walker gave a lot of her income to rganizations like the NAACP, dark schools, halfway houses, and retirement homes and was recognized in 1918 at the biennial show of the National Association of Colored Women (NACW) for making the biggest commitment to spare the Anacostia a $250,000 home in New York which was worked by the primary authorized dark planner in New York State, Vertner Tandy. At no other time had a dark lady from the south conceived of slave guardians ascend the social and monetary stepping stool to progress and become the wealthiest African-American lady in America and known to be simply the main made female American mogul. Between the 1890s and mid 1900s, blacks battled with white acknowledgment, and frequently went to extraordinary measures to cause themselves to seem to have enough white blood in them to fight themselves from the most noticeably awful kinds of separation. Subjection denied Africans of the common oils and herbs they used to keep up sound hair, accordingly shaping the meaning of the word nappy as frothing to portray the unusual tangled surface of the slaves hair which has become an approach to additionally criticize Black hair. The countries social, political, and financial framework had been controlled by racial appearance and gauges. Madam CJ Walkers hair care item notices regularly portrayed European highlights on a dark lady, implying that the more white you are, the more excellent, socially acknowledged, and equipped for accomplishing a superior life you are. On one mark, Walker herself is delineated with long, straight hair and fair complexion. This name sends the message to her clients that they also can accomplish this delicious, Eurocentric hair when they utilize this item, guaranteeing an all the more engaging and Americanized perspective on dark excellence. Another promotion for Madam CJ Walkers marvel items shows a lady with White highlights, ossibly depicting that Walkers items could take a shot at a hair, or publicizing a look that everybody ought to accomplish to keep up their general public endorsed womanhood. In spite of Walkers shocking achievements as a post-Emancipation dark lady, her creations and objectives toward helping blacks make progress added to the energy about Eurocentric culture, perfect of self-loathing inside the dark networks, and development of the conviction that African highlights were not excellent. These adjustments to American cultural gauges were a methods for endurance for Walker and ther blacks who utilized Eurocentric approaches to make a socially acknowledged life for themselves. These methods of living and picking up acknowledgment in the white networks made a partition between blacks who celebrated and strived to maintain Afrocentric conventions like Marcus Garvey. Jamaican political pioneer, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. was conceived in 1887 and became numerous things including an unflinching defender of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism developments. He established some genius dark Communities League, the Black Star Line, some portion of the Back-to-Africa development, which advanced the arrival of the African diaspora to their familial grounds. His capacity to realize a mass development and financial strengthening for Africa made the perfect of Garveyism. Impacted by Booker T. Washington, Garvey got clever as a youngster from perusing books from his dads broad library. He went to Birkbeck College in London, taking Eurocentric training to use to further his potential benefit in applying his insight to driving a country of intellectually and financially broken individuals. The mid 1900s in the northern conditions of America was a time of Black headway and pride. During the Harlem Renaissance time, when blacks built up a culture of rts, writing, legislative issues, and another social character, Garvey started distributing his generally spread paper, Negro World, in August of 1918. As the editorial manager, he utilized the paper as a way to spread dark patriotism through an ordinary essential source to those of African family at home and abroad. Garveys Negro Magazine gave blacks an abstract public activity (motivation) that was never feasible as slaves. The magazine was solid with uplifting statements and pride that urged blacks to continue battling and be pleased with their family. This choice of following Eurocentric or following Afrocentric standards and culture partitioned blacks along scholarly lines. Ga o. ey was scrutinized by his own race for needing to enable blacks and take them back to their country, where they can populate and live without the neediness, brutality, and prejudice in America. In an extract from the article Africa for Africans from Garveys paper, Negro World, he talks on the individuals who are contradicted of his endeavors to proceed with the Pan-African Movement. One editorial manager and pioneer ventured to such an extreme as to state at his Pan-African Congress that American Negroes couldn't live in Africa, in light of the fact that the atmosphere was excessively hot. A wide range of contentions have been cited by these Negro intelligent people against the colonization of Africa by the dark race. Some said that the dark man would at last work out his reality close by of the white man in nations established and built up by the last m entioned (Garvey). Garveys composed thoughts of individuals returning to their unique mainlands to rebuild social harmony are communicated in this passage from Negro World. He expounds on his sentiments towards the Negro intelligent people, he calls them, who are trying to claim ignorance and contradicted to his thoughts of an Afrocentric strengthening development. The reactions and resistances from instructed blacks in observing themselves characteristically not quite the same as Africans follows the issue of the developing separation among Africans and African Americans. It likewise presents the dread that racial oppressors will have one more purpose behind racial savagery towards blacks, as communicated in a letter sent to Harry M. Daugherty, United States Attorney General. African American pioneers contradicted to Garveys plans to spread among Negroes doubt and disdain of every single white individuals, compose this source entitled, Garvey Must Go, in would like to authorize Federal association to catch Garvey. This letter attempts to clarify that not all blacks follow Garvey, to make realized that these particular blacks in New York composing the letter are acceptable and devoted regular people. This archive portrays Garvey as a remote vicious threat to all Americans and appears to need security from the whites in power so they dont start to imagine that all blacks in America are getting ready to revolt. Thus the interdivision among blacks mentally and financially, came about in Garveys long haul objectives positive approach to propel Negro Americans in the public eye, in any case, enlivened religions, such s the Nation of Islam and Rastafari

Friday, August 21, 2020

One of the Picasso favorite pastimes was during the first winter of the First World War Essay Example For Students

One of the Picasso most loved diversions was during the main winter of the First World War Essay One of the Picasso most loved interests was during the main winter of the First World War was learning Russian. It was a fasicination with Russia and for the most part an interest with the Barones Helen dOettingen. Part f Picasso alluring quality was his ability to be tempted, and he and the Barones spent many long nighttimes together, retained, most definitely, in propelling his insight into Russia Cooper 15. Simultaneously when Picasso was having one of his numerous excursions, Eva turned out to be wiped out. When Eva was hospitalized, that was the first run through Picasso was distant from everyone else in quite a while. He went to see her regularly at the emergency clinic, yet he required somebody to comfort him during his forlorn evenings. He discovered somebody to comfort him during his desolate evenings. Gaby Lespinasse was her name. An excellent twenty-multi year old Parisian. December 14, 1915, Eva passes on. My poor Eva is dead, he wrote to Gertrude Stein. It was an incredible sorrow㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ she was generally so acceptable to me. Since the time his younger sibling had so unexpectedly passed on, it appeared that demise continually winning. Huffington 52. This was Picasso saddest Christmas of his life. After Evas passing Picasso met Olga Koklova, she was the little girl of a colonel in the Imperial Russian Army and had been bornin in Niezin, in the ukraine. Picassso had consistently had an interest with Russian things. On July 12, 1918 Picasso wedded Olga. On February 4, 1921, Olga brought forth an infant kid. They named him Paulo. Paulo was one of Picasso most loved subjects for a long time. He originally portrayed him on the day he was conceived, and he proceeded and paint pictures of Paulo while he grew up. In 1927, Picasso met Marie-Therese, who might later bring forth his little girl. On September 5, 1935 Marie-Therese brought forth a young lady. This was Picasso second kid by an alternate ladies. The child was given the name of her dads dead sister, Maria de Alfonso 5 LaConcpcion, however on her introduction to the world authentication the personality of the dad was announced unknownHuffington 54. He cherished Paulo more than he adored her. He would later change her name to Maya Walter. One of Picassos most popular compositions is Guernica, done in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. Nazi planes had shelled the Spanish town of Guernica. Picasso was offended by updates on the demise and devastation and put these sentiments into a work of art 26 feet in length. It was painted in dark, white, and dim, and it shows individuals passing on and enduring strike. e. library. The author Claude Roy, saw Guernica at the Paris Worlds Fair and portrayed it as a message from another planet. Its savagery astounded me, it froze me with a tension I had never experienced. The Surrealist writer Michel Leiris summarized the feeling of gloom induced by Guernica: In a square shape of high contrast, for example, that wherein antiquated disaster appeared to us, Picasso sends us our declaration of our grieving: all that we love is going to die㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦.. Herbert Read went much further: all that we love, Picasso is stating has kicked the bucket. On May 15, 1947, at the Belvedere Clinic in Boulogne, Francoise brought forth a child kid. This was Picasss third kid by a third ladies. They named the infant Claude. This is the thing that Dominique Desanti, who visited a couple of times after Claude was conceived needed to state. They were extremely striking couple together. She was so excellent and he was truly surprising, so tastefully they were exceptionally striking to take a gander at. He would offer forceful comments intended to pu down and embarrass her before otheres ans she would snicker and make what he said appear to be harmless. .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 , .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .postImageUrl , .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .focused content region { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 , .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:hover , .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:visited , .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:active { border:0!important; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; obscurity: 1; change: haziness 250ms; webkit-progress: murkiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:active , .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:hover { darkness: 1; change: mistiness 250ms; webkit-change: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relative; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content improvement: underline; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; text style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; fringe span: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: intense; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; content adjust: focus; content embellishment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .uf7ff257ed7 6e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990 .focused content { show: table; stature: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .uf7ff257ed76e7934a953ac3e1e8b9990:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Population and World Hunger Debate EssayHe would Alfonso 6 allude to her as the lady. What has the lady made for supper? he would inquire. Or on the other hand he would take a gander at a sexually dressed lady on a postcard and sight: What a fantasy to have such a lady before you. What's more, Francoise would chuckle and diffuse it: Its exceptionally simple. We can do that. Simply get me a dress that way and Ill put particle à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" it would be an exceptionally interesting mask. She never looked cross or mortified; she constantly caused you to feel that they were acting in a play. That was his method of being he wa s pitiless whether it was with his lady, his closest companions or whoever was near in the event that he felt like it. So on the off chance that you chose to live with him, you required uncommon quality an irregular development to discover your part in his play and ad lib the textHuffington 60. In 1949, Picasso had another kid with Francoise, it was a young lady, her name was Ann Paloma Gilot. Francoise encouraged hopefully picasso will simply quit imagining that he had no other life. She Maya to meet Claude and Paloma. Why have Maya keep on growing an untruth, hearing at school or perusing a paper and magazines things that her mom denied at home? Its the most effortless approach insane, Francoise told Picasso, not knowing whether you are seeing the sun around early afternoon or the moon. You imagine that you are uncommon , then lets truly lead an abnormal life, rather than playing find the stowaway with reality. He didn't care for thought of Francoise attempting to put and end to his games, however at a similar he was fascinated by the . conceivable outcomes that would be opened up by such an experience Duncan 68. He at long last concurred for Maya to meet Claude and Paloma. Francoise and Marie-Therese were going to meet as well. Alfonso 7 Picassos spouse began to make sense of Picassos technique. Hed like to put people around him in rivalry with one another. He was astonishing at utilizing one individual like the warning and the other like the bull. While the bull was occupied with charging against the warning, Pablo could, unnoticed, bargain his injuring pushes. Furthermore, the vast majority didnt even think to look who was taking cover behind the warning Huffington 63. November 28, 1953, a month after his seventy-second birthday celebration, he quit talking and took his gloom close by, and began working. He worked hotly, and in a little more than two months created 180 drawings. The peot Michel Leiris considered the arrangement a visual journal of a contemptuous season in heck, an emergency in his private lif driving him to address everything Huffington 63. Rebecca West composed, delicate against her smooth tissue, its apprehensive vitality popping against her tranquility, her workforce of acknowledgment carrying the little creature into solidarity with herself. She is as unequivocally certifiable as a Greek goddess. She is the tree of life and the tree of information. What's more, the painters despair isn't only that he is an elderly person who must surrender his place at the banquet of arousing joy; it is that he an old who will kick the bucket with out knowing why he has lived and why he has painted. Neither his endowments nor his interminable sexual experiences have presented to him any closer to the mystery of life that the young lady appears to know and from which she appears to draw her tranquility and her profound acknowledgment of everything, including Huffington 65. On March 2, 1961 Picasso wedded Jacqueline Roque. This was his third spouse and his last one as well. She wasnt attached to his children cause they were only a consistent token of the ladies Picasso has had in his life. In addition it likewise advised her that Picasso couldnt give her an Alfonso 8 youngster at his mature age. .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6 , .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6 .postImageUrl , .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6 .focused content zone { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6 , .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6:hover , .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6:visited , .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6:active { border:0!important; } .u94955c0656099ee5977944888b77b9d6 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u94955c0656099ee5

Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Sexuality, as Presented Directly and Indirectly, in Mr. Norris Changes Trains - Literature Essay Samples

Throughout Mr Norris Changes Trains, Isherwood utilises implicit, and sometimes explicit, queer coding. One can argue that Isherwood draws parallels between espionage and being homosexual during the 1930s, specifically through the coded language he employs. Moreover, by deliberately conflating political oppression with sexual repression, the novel explores the duplicity and paranoia one would experience living in a society where your sexuality is considered illegal. However, it can be argued that the narrator is too cold and detached from the political shifts shown in the novel, as well as generally too privileged, to truly represent a member of a repressed minority. Instead Bradshaw is presented as merely as a cool observer, and thus too removed to experience any true oppression. Yet, it can be posited that these readings are not totally incompatible, that Isherwood explores sexual repression in relation to real world politics, or rather how to break from its literary traditions, th rough this narration. Isherwood deliberately eschews the confessional tone and its relation to guilt and sin, to show characters sexuality unabashedly. By choosing ambiguous methods of presenting homosexuality, and utilising narrative gaps for the audience to fill themselves, Isherwood rejects the strict psychosexual classifications of his era that were used to categorise and shame. It can be argued that the codes Isherwood uses throughout the text to express characters’ queerness are a product of the repression those, who did not conform to the heterosexual norms of the 1930s, experienced. Isherwood can rarely express the characters homosexual natures explicitly and then, if he were to conform to his contemporary literary traditions, have these characters remain sympathetic or alive. Instead Isherwood uses metaphors of political oppression and intrigue to represent the repression felt by the homosexual community at the time. In the early 1930s any consenting sexual act between two men was considered a criminal act under the 1885 Criminal Law Amendment Act (â€Å"the blackmailer’s charter†).[1] Any individual found to be participating in homosexual acts would be sentenced to a period of penal servitude from ten years to life.[2] Under these oppressive forces the gay sub-culture that emerged during this period was defined by the codes and sig ns it used to both communicate with its ilk, and yet remain protected from those who would view it as criminal. An example of one of these codes is the slang ‘Parlare’, a language derived from the language of circus showmen, intinerent actors and tramps that the gay subculture of the 19th and early 21st century developed to discuss its taboo sexuality.[3] A few examples of Parlare can be found throughout the text. Specifically, the only time Isherwood ever explicitly states that someone is homosexual is during Helen Pratt’s recounting of the death of Baron Pregnitz, in which he calls him â€Å"a fairy.† Similarly, the most direct indirect allusion to Mr Norris’ own sexuality is when he invokes Oscar Wilde, â€Å"I put my genius into my life, not my art,† arguably an intertextual reference that invokes the queer. While Lehmann, one of Isherwood’s close contemporaries, does confirm that â€Å"Christopher concealed Mr Norris’s homosexuality†[4] the most explicit confirmations of homosexual behaviours within the text still operate through a form of code. The only direct references to homosexuality are made in another language or through the language of another, such is the extent of the linguistic repression operating on the text. These linguistic codes, specifically invented to disguise homosexuality, parallel with Isherwood’s repeated reference to espionage throughout the text. Using as espionage a metaphor for expressing a repressed sexuality is apt, as evident in Weeks description of gay subculture in the 1930s: â€Å"In the developing homosexual underground individuals†¦could imbibe the rituals of social contact and behaviour, the codes for communicating and the modes of living a double life.†[5] Like espionage, homosexuality required a duplicity an d code, and training in such codes. In Mr Norris Changes Trains a parallel can be drawn between this coding of queer language and the spy code Mr Norris uses to communicate with his handlers in Paris. Through the messages to ‘Margot’ concerning â€Å"Stuff about teapots and kettles and bread and butter and cake† he disguises political intrigue with innocuous domesticity. Furthermore, ‘Margot’ functions on a secondary level of code, as ‘she’ obscures Mr Norris’ queerness from Fraulein Schroeder. Her overt heterosexual affection, â€Å"I am sending you a hug† as well as Fraulein Schroder’s interpretation of the obscure code as a means of disguising a pregnancy, making Mr Norris conform to a heterosexual norm that he seems to be in total opposition to as â€Å"More like a lady than a gentleman.† Fraulein Schroder is reassured of her tenant’s sexuality by taking the heteronormative language that is presente d literally, as she does not have the privileged information to the decode these messages. Foucault argued that â€Å"inexhaustible and corrective discourses were imposed,†[6] to keep taboo sexualities in check. These repressive discourses are evident in Fraulein Schroder’s projection of heterosexuality onto Mr Norris. Thus, while this code allows Mr Norris to continue this double life, one can argue linguistic codes closets and represses him too. Therefore, while coded language is utilised both to hide privileged information and express the characters queerness to a society where it was criminal, Isherwood also demonstrates the eras inherent linguistic repressiveness constantly enforcing the sexual norms. However, it can be argued that the characters in Mr Norris Changes Trains are too privileged to truly represent a repressed minority. When Mr Norris claims that â€Å"Hatred of tyranny is in my blood† because â€Å"I remember my feelings when I was first unjustly punished by my nurse,† he appears tone deaf and removed from the true political reality of the lower classes. This distance between the middle class, left-wing British idealists who visited Berlin and the actual residents is also evident in the ambivalent narration of Bradshaw. When he visits the communist meeting, he views the working classes gathered with both snobbery, â€Å"their soiled everyday clothes† and exoticism â€Å"faces†¦pale and prematurely lined, often haggard and ascetic, like the heads of scholars.† To middle-class Bradshaw the working-class is always othered. Bradshaw is not galvanized by the struggle and is instead â€Å"puzzled and troubled by the superficially exciting events,† and when faced with true adversity exhibits â€Å"a clear element of shock and even resistance.†[7] Emig argues that this detachment is â€Å"generated by the middle-class perspective based on literal humanist principle.†[8] Because of Bradshaw and Mr Norris’s upper class and middle-class background, they can never truly integrate into the repressed class. The homosexual culture of the era was also delineated by class. High profile homosexual men were celebrated, such as Noel Coward, Cecil Beaton, Stephen Spender and John Lehmann. These were â€Å"men moving in and around artists or intellectual circles where difference and eccentricity were appreciated and esteemed,†[9] there behaviour was arguably more accepted in their intellectual cliques than it would have been in the greater working population. Mr Norris can be considered a similar eccentric figure. He wears make-up and exhibits effeminate mannerisms such as â€Å"giggling† and â€Å"blushing,† yet is still held in a high regard by the Bradshaw, the middle class intellectual. Emig also highlights how class lines were drawn in Berlins gay sub-culture due to the Germany’s economic downturn, where â€Å"a particular kind of class encounter took place. Unemployed heterosexual, working class boys featured strongly in it, provided their middle-class customers paid the bill.†[10] While Mr Norris favours female prostitutes in the novel, the sexual encounters he has are still alternative to the norms of the period. Though they are women, Anni and Olga take the dominant (and one can argue traditionally masculine role) in the sexual relationship while Mr Norris takes the submissive (the feminine role.) Isherwood uses Mr Norris predilection for paying prostitutes for BDSM, as a substitute for the transactional homosexual relationships that occurred across class boundaries in Berlin. Again, Mr Norris is separated from the ordinary residents of Berlin – Otto, Anni, even Fraulein Schroeder due to the privileges of his class, in this case capital. I t can also be argued that Mr Norris and Bradshaw use of queer coded language and behaviour throughout the text distances them from the repressed class, and even arguably the reader. In the opening of the novel Bradshaw begins a conversation by asking Mr Norris if he was a match for a cigarette, a common method to instigate a homosexual hook up during the era.[11] Something Bradshaw hints he is aware of when he describes Mr Norris’s immediate reaction of surprise and shame to the pedestrian question as like â€Å"a schoolboy caught in the act of breaking one of the rules.† From the outset of the novel Bradshaw distinguishes Mr Norris and himself as privy to distinct set of implicit codes and signs that the common man, or even the reader, are not. Isherwood further obscures these codes by never explaining them to the reader – either you are in the know or you’re are not. Producing multiple ways of reading the text, it can be both a political thriller or a m etaphor for the queer experience in the 1930s depending on whether the audience possesses privileged information. Therefore, the coding Isherwood does not only express the repression of the period, but also its privileges. However, it should be noted that Isherwood’s use of code does not present a simplistic binary of the powerful and the unempowered. These codes are not just utilised but also investigated and disrupted by Isherwood himself. Leading up to Mr Norris’s ultimate betrayal of the communist party, the audience is unaware of the subversion of Mr Norris uses to disguise his duplicity until the reveal of him being a spy. On returning to the novel, Mr Norris’ submissive and effeminate presentation of his body can be read as a Machiavellian technique as to causing other characters, and the reader, to underestimate him. His nervousness and effeminacy, his concern over the superficial aspects of his appearance like spending â€Å"ten minutes three times a week thinning his eyebrows with a pair of pincers,† presents a ridiculous character mined from ‘High Camp.’ A literary and cultural motif associated with satire. Weeks describes it as: †¦the most fami liar aspect of the homosexual language and style. ‘Camp’ is not just a vehicle of communication between peers, but a way of presenting the self to the straight world. It is deeply ambivalent because it celebrates effeminacy while retaining a sharp awareness of conventional values. [12] If we return to Foucault’s oppressive discourses, Isherwood’s decision for Mr Norris’s political alignment – code for his sexuality to remain ambiguous is a way of freeing the text from the language restricting sexual expression. Mr Norris can remain free of the restrictive categories, â€Å"garrulous attention†[13] that enforced heterosexuality of his era. Isherwood is this able to avoid presenting him as merely, â€Å"a personage, a past, a case history, and a childhood, in addition to being a type of life†¦a morphology, with indiscreet anatomy.†[14] Though Mr Norris is presented as Camp – a conceit of heightened exaggeration[15] out of all the characters his motivations are subtlest and most ambiguous, and thus compelling. His character is not what an audience of the era, or even of our own contemporary age, would associate with a secret agent. Therefore, Mr Norris’s duplicity comes as much more of a surprise to both Bradshaw and the reader. Mr Norris ultimately uses the coded language of Camp as â€Å"a form of ‘ministrelization’, an ambiguous playing to the gallery,†[16] as he fulfils every aspect of the Camp stereotype, he is also able to disguise hi s true intentions and deceive those who project their preconceived notions onto his mannerisms. Ironically it is also this transgressive behaviour, which many of the time would interpret as evident of criminality, that absolves him of his crimes in the eyes of the narrator. Thomas argues that the heightened ridiculousness of Mr Norris in juxtaposition with the reality presented in the text serves as an indictment of the fraudulent political situation in Berlin, The implicit contrast between Camp motifs and social realism provides a brilliant means of exposing the distinction between the ‘objective’ politics of the Left and the fantasy elements of Nazism.[17] The exposure of Mr Norris’ deceit coincides with the rise of the Nazis and their use of the Reichstag fire to consolidate power; the personal and political lies become intertwined. This use of literary techniques associated homosexuality to explore politics disrupts the literary norm. Isherwood uses of politi cal oppression as an analogy for sexual repression, and then subverts this by using sexual repression to explore political oppression. Isherwood presents homosexuality as coded through the language and literary conceits associated with politics and political intrigue, because of the repressive societal forces acting in and around the text. While the characters do exhibit the licenses of their class status in relation to these codes, this does not undermine Isherwood’s exploration of repression. By leveraging the code to a form of privileged information and then deconstructing the preconceived notions around these codes, Isherwood frees the narrative from these oppressive forces. His expression of homosexual characters through code relies on them being able to retain a continuous ambiguity. By never explicitly stating their specific political ambitions or moral standing – a cipher for their sexuality – and further shielding the few moments of sexual expression with code, Isherwood can present a view of taboo sexuality free from the traditional moralistic, heterosexual literary traditions of the 1 930s. Bibliography: Emig, Rainer. â€Å"Transgressive Travels: Homosexuality, Class, Politics and the Lure of Germany in 1930s Writing.† Vol. 10, no. 3, 1998, pp. 48–55. Foucault, Michel, The History of Sexuality (New York: Pantheon Books, 1978) Thomas, Peter. â€Å"‘Camp’ and Politics in Isherwoods Berlin Fiction.† Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 5, no. 1, 1976, pp. 117–130. Lehmann, John, Christopher Isherwood: A Personal Memoir, (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1988) Weeks, Jeffrey, Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain, from the Nineteenth Century to the Present, (London: Quartet Books, 1977) Gardiner, Juliet, The Thirties: An Intimate History (London: HarperPress, 2010) Overy, Richard, The Morbid Age, (London, Penguin, 2009) [1] Juliet Gardiner, The Thirties: An Intimate History (London: HarperPress, 2010) p. 579 [2] Jeffrey Weeks, Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain (London: Quartet Books, 1977) p. 14 [3] Ibid, p. 14 [4] Lehmann, John, Christopher Isherwood: A Personal Memoir, (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1988) p. 21 [5] Jeffrey Weeks, Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain (London: Quartet Books, 1977) p. 37 [6] Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality (New York :Pantheon Books, 1978) [7] Rainer Emig â€Å"Transgressive Travels† Vol. 10, no. 3, 1998 p. 52 [8] Ibid, p. 52 [9]Juliet Gardiner, The Thirties: An Intimate History (London: HarperPress, 2010) p. 577 [10] Emig, p.49 [11] Jeffrey Weeks, Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain (London: Quartet Books, 1977) p.48 [12] Ibid, p. 42 [13] Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality (New York :Pantheon Books, 1978) p. 37 [14] Ibid, p. 43 [15] Thomas, Peter. â€Å"‘Camp’ and Politics in Isherwoods Berlin Fiction.â €  Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 5, no. 1, 1976 p. 122 [16] Jeffrey Weeks, Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain (London: Quartet Books, 1977) p. 42 [17] Thomas, p. 126

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Death Penalty An Important Development For The Human...

The right to life has garnered attention after World War II. The adoption of Universal Declaration of Human Right (UDHR) in 1948 by United Nation General Assembly was an important development for the human right regime. Article 3 to UDHR states â€Å"Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.† It is a statement of a general moral principle incorporated into a political document binding on those who belong to the United Nation (UN). On the flip side, the death penalty as practiced by most of the countries had its record since the 8th century (in Roman law). The reformation movement against capital punishment took place during the last half of the century. The debates on the abolition of death penalty sill exist today within the legal fraternity, and so the purpose of this essay is to explore how far the death penalty is justifiable in view of right to life that has been enshrined in the laws. In lieu of right to life as set forth in UDHR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Right (ICCPR) provides restrictions for death penalty as it allows death penalty for the most heinous offence, and must be subject to proper due process of law and fair trial. However death penalty for the pregnant women and child under the age of 18 is absolutely prohibited. The second optional protocol to ICCPR specifically prohibits the state parties in execution of death penalty within its jurisdiction. It obligates the state parties to make necessary effort to abolishShow MoreRelatedSecular Humanism - Death Penalty1046 Words   |  5 PagesDate: 15.03.2011 Death Penalty from a Secular Humanist Point of View The United States remains in the minority of nations in the world that still uses death as penalty for certain crimes. Many see the penalty as barbaric and against American values. Others see it as a very important tool in fighting violent pre-meditated murder. From my point of view as a secular humanist, death penalty should be banned as a form of punishment. Secular humanism is a philosophical school of thought thatRead MoreDeath Penalty1288 Words   |  6 PagesCause and Effect: The Death Penalty The cause of the death penalty more often then not is politically inspired. Fear has long been a favored method for controlling the population. In the case of the execution of those found guilty of murder in developed countries such as The USA , where the motivation is simply political. More votes are gained by appealing to the sense of justice exhibited in the lower educated classes than are to be gained by appealing to those that are more educated and trainedRead MoreEssay on Capital Punishment in America1180 Words   |  5 Pagespunishment than death, not as costly as execution, and better for rehabilitation. 3) The innocent can be wrongly put to death. Conclusion: Capital punishment should be abolished. Though capital punishment might seem like the only way to get revenge, it is morally unjust. Who are we to decide whether a person should live or die? It is morally wrong, individually or through government action, to seek revenge on a murderer by means of execution. The death penalty violates our right to life. CapitalRead MoreCapital Punishment1186 Words   |  5 Pagespunishment than death, not as costly as execution, and better for rehabilitation. 3) The innocent can be wrongly put to death. Conclusion: Capital punishment should be abolished. Though capital punishment might seem like the only way to get revenge, it is morally unjust. Who are we to decide whether a person should live or die? It is morally wrong, individually or through government action, to seek revenge on a murderer by means of execution. The death penalty violates our right to life. Read MoreDefinition Of Customary International Law1710 Words   |  7 PagesWithin the scope of customary international law there are some varying norms that the international law community must deal with, which can be broken down into three different categories from most important to least important: 1) norms in which the international community allows no derogation, these are known as peremptory norms or jus cogens, 2) norms that might allow for derogation, and 3) norms that aren’t binding but some might argue should be. The classification of these customary norms isRead MoreThe Scope Of Customary International Law1681 Words   |  7 PagesWithin the scope of customary international law, there are some varying norms that the international law community must deal with, which are broken down into three different categories from most important to least important: 1) norms in which the international community allows no derogation, these are known as peremptory norms or jus cogens, 2) norms that might allow for derogation, and 3) norms that aren’t binding but some might argue should be. To classify these customary norms scholars use bothRead MoreShould There be a Capital Punishment in Kazakhstan?862 Words   |  3 Pages Capital punishment or execution is the legal process of putting a person to death as a punishment for committed crime. The death penalty is legal in many countries as Iran, USA, China, India and Sudan. However, other countries, including Kazakhstan, find it cruel and violent. This essay indicates are there more benefits or drawbacks in using capital punishment in Kazakhstan. This research will begin by evaluating the social factors of capital punishment then it will proceed to investigate theRead MoreCapital Punishment And Its Social Implications1463 Words   |  6 PagesKeywords: Capital punishment, death penalty, criminal justice The Use of Capital Punishment to Serve Justice, and its Social Implications What is Capital Punishment? Capital punishment is a practice in which prisoners are executed in accordance with judicial practice when they are convicted of committing what is known as a â€Å"capital crime.† Capital crimes are crimes deemed so heinous that they should be punishable by death. People may also use the term â€Å"death penalty† to refer to capital punishmentRead MoreThe Constitutionality Of The Death Penalty1270 Words   |  6 PagesThe constitutionality of the death penalty has been a heated topic of discussion for decades. The history of the death penalty in the United States is extensive; from a suspension to a reinstating and individual statutes throughout the 50 states. One of the most controversial of the Supreme Court cases involving the death penalty is Roper v. Simmons. In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled that the execution of people who were under 18 at the time of their crimes violates the federal constitutional guaranteeRead MoreLife Imprisonment1378 Words   |  6 Pagesa lternative to death penalty? The issue remains unresolved. Even the US Supreme Court that had abolished ‘Death Penalty’ reversed its decision when new and less cruel methods of execution were introduced.  Why does a society punish its members for certain acts that are offensive and unacceptable to its laws and codes? This can be a starting point of exploring our dilemma about death penalty vs. life imprisonment.  It is argued that fear of death deters people from committing crimes, and the penalty of death

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Stop And Frisk During The United States Essay - 1300 Words

Andrew Tabata Persuasive Speech CMM 100-07 Professor Watson October 26, 2016 Stop and Frisk Did you know that about 88 percent of all Stop and Frisk incidents result in finding the victim to be â€Å"clean† meaning ruled completely innocent without cause for an arrest? Remember this statistic and several others that I give you, because they are alarming. Currently, the Stop and Frisk situation in the United States seems to be at a crossroad. The Stop and Frisk practice originated during the 1950’s, when crime rates were at an all-time high within cities. The purpose of this practice was to help eliminate crime off the streets within these major inner cities. This practice was used by law enforcement during a time where racial segregation and racial tension began to build up; and a feud between black citizens and white law enforcement grew rapidly. Unfortunately, we still today live in a world where individuals often times find themselves in the middle of a â€Å"wrongdoing† in the eyes of the law enforcement. The results of these situations through hist ory have not always turned fatal, but recently it seems that the end result from these situations do so. How many of you are aware of the incident that occurred between Eric Garner, a 43-year-old black Staten Island male, and the New York Police Department (NYPD)? For those of you who are not, victim Eric Garner was approached by the NYPD under the suspicion of selling untaxed cigarettes. This led to a Stop and Frisk altercation betweenShow MoreRelatedStop And Frisk During The United States1894 Words   |  8 Pagesthe constitutional rights of its citizens. However the New York City aggressive program of Stop and Frisk have been widely criticized and considered unconstitutional. However, Stop and Frisk, per se is not unconstitutional unless people are being stopped illegally. It s a crime prevention tactic that allows police officers to stop a person based on reasonable suspicion of criminal activity and conduct a frisk based on reasonable suspicion that the person is armed and or dangerous. Some argue thisRead MoreStop And Frisk During The United States2617 Words   |  11 Pagesitself†, responded Bill Bratton in an interview with Here Now. Stop and frisk has become an infamous practice amongst some people in the United States. People tend to misconstrue the real purpose of stop and frisk due to the behavior of certain officers in the police department. There is truth to the misconduct on the part of police officers, but this does not mean that the action of stop and frisk is unconstitutional. Stop and frisk is about the study of different factors in a particular instanceRead MorePolice Law Enforcement Protection And Citizen s Civil Liberties954 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1991, nearly 10% of all United States’ murders occurred in New York City (La Vorgna, 2012). The United States’ civil liberties grant citizen’s rights and freedoms as determined by the Constitution and Bill of Rights. Every citizen has the right to walk their streets without being racially targeted by police. They also have the right to roam these streets without being mugged or killed. Both are civil liberties. Amidst times of racial and ethnic animosity, this country faces a problem between lawRead MoreThe New York City Police Department Essay1723 Words   |  7 PagesDepartment decided to implement a practice of Stop, Question, and Frisk. This practice became known as Stop -and- Frisk (Bellin, 2014). Stop-and Frisk† was a method in which an officer stopped a pedestrian and aske d them a question, and then frisked them for any weapon or contraband (Rengifo Slocum, 2016). By the late 1990s, stop-and frisk became a common practice implemented by New York City Police Department (Bellin, 2014). The framework of Stop-and-Frisk started in 1968 in a case known as TerryRead MoreThe Police Procedure Stop And Frisk Essay1581 Words   |  7 PagesThe police procedure stop and frisk is a highly controversial topic in society. In order for the officer to initiate the procedure, he or she needs reasonable suspicion or probable cause that meet minimal legal requirements. People that have been stop and frisked may wonder if the procedure is discriminatory towards race, since a majority of people stopped are minorities, or if the procedure is against ones constitutional rights that are protected by the amendments, or if the procedure is effectiveRead MoreA Perfect Utopia Of Democracy1185 Words   |  5 Pagesthe outside in, the United States seems like a perfect utopia of democracy. With labels such as the land of the free, and descriptions of how our government is built by the people, for the people, we have come to believe heavily in these ideals. In reality, this is far from tru e. As technology continues to advance, it seems as if the government has been slowly gaining more power, without the public noticing major concerns in terms of law and policy making. The United States has the highest incarcerationRead MoreThe Stop And Frisk Policy772 Words   |  4 PagesThe stop and frisk policy allows police officer to search only to an extent where it is enough to protect the safety of the officer. The stop and frisk policy has caused racial disparities in minority communities; furthermore, it also inflicted pain, resentment and anger among minorities. NYPD’s aggressive style of policing has caused great distrust between the minority community and law enforcement. Law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system must understand the importance of trustRead MoreStop and Frisk1557 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ My name is _________ and I am here to bring attention to the â€Å"Stop and Frisk Laws† and how they affect our youth and damage ou r society. Also through this exchange of information I hope to show how these type of laws go against our constitutional rights. First let’s ask what does Stop and frisk actually mean legally? â€Å"It’s the situation in which a police officer who is suspicious of an individual detains the person and runs his hands lightly over the suspects outer garments to determine ifRead MoreThe Second Amendment Of The United States1666 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The fourth amendment of the United States Bill of Rights states that â€Å"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.† (â€Å"Bill of Rights†). Within the text of this amendment, the word ‘unreasonable’ is oneRead MoreThe War On Drugs And America Essay1573 Words   |  7 Pagesthe United States the highest incarceration rate in the world, mandatory minimum sentences, and racial disparity in our criminal justice system. The war on drugs greatly affected the way policing works in America. Policing and racism have always intertwined in America but the war on drugs fueled it. As a result minorities were the most affected by policing. During the war on drugs funding for polic e departments rose to support it, Cooper (2015) reports that a 2012 study done by lynch states that

Disease Due To Lack Of Exercise Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Disease Due To Lack Of Exercise. Answer: The example of a disease that has recently affected the human in this era is obesity. On the surface of the main cause, the disease is the consumption of calories and less burning of energy as recently most of the people are lacking physical activity. Thus energy imbalances cause more of body mass and lead to obesity (van Rossum, 2017). The energy imbalance occurs when the energy input is not equal to the output energy. Thus recently most of the developed countries due to lack of exercise and more consumption of unhealthy and high-calorie food cause increase in fat tissue and obesity. A wide spectrum of fatal diseases like type 2 diabetes, hormonal imbalance, and even cancer are linked to obesity and increased body mass index. The symptoms The symptoms include the increased weight. The loss of body fat gets difficult. Obesity links directly to increase in a level of HDL and cholesterol in the blood that often leads to stroke. The other symptoms include depression, diabetes, liver disease, osteoarthritis. The person often faces breathing disorders, sleep apnea, obstructive disease. The people also face high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, joint pain and other medical complications related to psychosocial problems (Khalife et al, 2014). The major biological reasons for the outcome It is already stated that obesity is the common disorder in industrial and developed societies. There are biological conditions that result in the combination of obesity. The biological factors are stimulated with environmental factors that likely cause the increase in weight. The biological factors are related to genetics, biochemistry, neuroanatomy. The impact is the early life growth of adipose tissue and the endocrine interactions followed with appetite regulation (Ochne et al, 2015). Genetics is the main reason behind the strong effect of obesity. It is already found that the obese parents have more likely obese offspring. The genes work when the environmental factors stimulate. The non-industrialized societies often become obese due to the eating of typical western diet. The hyper palatable junk foods cause change in the metabolic profile and often increases lipogenesis and increase body fat. Mostly the processed foods today have the massive effects on the cause of diabetes (Ca mpbell, 2015). Insulin is another contributing factor towards the increased cause of diabetes alongside obesity. Insulin resistance especially causes increased body weight and obesity which is difficult to control. Leptin hormone produced by the adipose cells that send signal to hypothalamus is crucial for developing obesity. The increased glucose level found even in adolescents is probably linked due to obesity. Impacts on human and society Apart from tobacco, obesity is also producing great harm in U.S. The impacts of health are also deep and vast for obesity. The psychosocial affects are more depression, low self- esteem, less employment. The health risks and mortality have also increased with obesity. In economic costs, obesity is a global crisis (Puhl, Luedicke Grilo, 2014). The process to do for the betterment of living It is also known that obesity is highly preventable. Thus for increasing the betterment of lives the resistance for obesity is the must. This could include the prevention policies and programs that need to be implemented such that it would make people aware of leading obesity and ways to modify the lives (Lumeng et al, 2015). They would help in the comparative risk assessment and make people understand the usefulness of physical activity every day. Since obesity is the lifestyle based epidemic disease. It would also identify the metabolic risk factors associated with it. Thus would increase the quality of life by managing everyday conditions that lead to obesity. There would be instrumental variables approach that can be used to make people more aware. Recently researchers have also identified the certain reason behind the cause of obesity and ways to manage the effects through different interventions. References Campbell, M. K. (2015). Biological, environmental, and social influences on childhood obesity.Pediatric research,79(1-2), 205-211. Khalife, N., Kantomaa, M., Glover, V., Tammelin, T., Laitinen, J., Ebeling, H., ... Rodriguez, A. (2014). Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms are risk factors for obesity and physical inactivity in adolescence.Journal of the American academy of child adolescent psychiatry,53(4), 425-436. Lumeng, J. C., Taveras, E. M., Birch, L., Yanovski, S. Z. (2015). Prevention of obesity in infancy and early childhood: a National Institutes of Health workshop.JAMA pediatrics,169(5), 484-490. Ochner, C. N., Tsai, A. G., Kushner, R. F., Wadden, T. A. (2015). Treating obesity seriously: when recommendations for lifestyle change confront biological adaptations.The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology,3(4), 232-234. Puhl, R. M., Luedicke, J., Grilo, C. M. (2014). Obesity bias in training: attitudes, beliefs, and observations among advanced trainees in professional health disciplines.Obesity,22(4), 1008-1015. van Rossum, E. F. (2017). Obesity and cortisol: New perspectives on an old theme.Obesity,25(3), 500-501.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

The Pequods Leaders Their Differing Characteristics Essays

The Pequods Leaders: Their Differing Characteristics L.R.G. Captain Ahab, First Mate Starbuck, Second Mate Stubb, and Third Mate Flask. From the time they are first introduced, the Pequods leaders are noticeably very different from each other. Almost everything is different about these men save the fact that they are all four on a whaling ship. Why did Melville take such care to develop these four men as he did? Would the story have been as profound without these distinct character foils? Probably not. I think what Melville was trying to accomplish by having such differing personalities aboard the Pequod was to keep the reader interested on the personal level of the story as well as to put emphasis on Ahabs obsession. Captain Ahab is certainly an interesting character. He is driven mad by desire for revenge because of an injury he incurred from the gigantic white whale known as Moby Dick. He spends nights studying maps of ocean currents and reefs in an attempt to locate and slay the whale. He portrays the whale as evil and attempts to make everyone aboard believe that the quest for Moby Dick is their common destiny. Under his command, the sole purpose of the voyage is to hunt Moby Dick. While he is mad, he still realizes that his crew could defy him and stage a mutiny so to solve this, he offers a gold ounce to the man who kills the whale. Ahab even has his own private boat crew, which he seemingly smuggled on board, to help him kill Moby Dick. Right up until the bitter end he is certain of his ability to slay the whale. Unfortunately for him, fate, luck, or a combination of the two prevent him from doing so. Starbuck, the first mate, is a religious, conservative man. Unlike Ahab who is driven by his manic hate for the whale, Starbuck is a devout Christian who lets his religion dictate most aspects of his life. He is the only one aboard the Pequod who openly disputes Captain Ahabs order to solely hunt Moby Dick. Starbucks conservatism is a direct negation of Ahabs monomania. The second mate, Stubb, is described as a happy-go-lucky kind of guy. He doesnt take anything seriously enough to bother or frighten him. He is popular among the crew and always shows his good humor. Due to the large amount of time hes spent whaling, he seems to be desensitized to the dangers of the trade. Stubb, unlike Starbuck or Ahab, believes that everything happens for a reason and that theres not much he or anyone else can do to change that. Flask, the third mate, is a short, stocky man who seems to have a touch of what we call short man syndrome. He finds it very invigorating to kill a whale yet never stops to think about the greatness of the creature. Actually, unlike the other leaders of the ship, he never really stops to think about anything of much importance. His offensive attitude, paired with his physical appearance, earns him the nickname King-Post. These mens personalities are in contrast to one another mainly to draw attention to Captain Ahabs madness but also to keep us interested in the story. It is true that if all the mates had plain, unimportant personalities, Ahabs madness would still be quite noticeable. But what Melville did by giving the mates personalities that are in great contrast to that of Ahabs, is heighten our awareness of his madness.